Anas marecula

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Conservation links
IUCN
Arkive.org


Anas marecula

Anas marecula is a chordate, or more specifically a bird, in the Anatidae family.

Anas marecula is commonly known (its common name) as the Amsterdam Island Duck in English.

Anas marecula is classified as extinct by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of plant and animal species maintained by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.




Species Authority: The species authority, or the name(s) of scientist(s) or person(s) who first described Anas marecula is Olson & Jouventin, 1996 (IUCN Red List).

Country Distribution: Anas marecula is found in the following countries:
    French Southern Territories [RE] (Amsterdam-St. Paul Is. [RE])
(IUCN Red List).

Biome(s)/Ecosystem(s): IUCN lists the following as biomes for Anas marecula: Freshwater (IUCN Red List).

Range: Anas marecula was endemic to Amsterdam Island, French Southern Territories1. It is only known from bones "no more than a few hundred years old". It was flightless, and presumably driven to extinction by whalers stopping off on the island1. A report of "a small brown duck, not much larger than a thrush" from Barrow's 1793 visit to the neighbouring St Paul Island presumably refers to the same or a similar species1. (IUCN Red List).

CONSERVATION STATUS

Red List Category & Criteria: Anas marecula is listed as EX    ver 3.1 (2001) (IUCN Red List).

Year Assessed: Anas marecula's status was assessed in 2004 (IUCN Red List).

Assessor: Anas marecula's Red List status was evaluated by BirdLife International (IUCN Red List).

Red List Evaluator: The Red List Evaluator for Anas marecula is listed by IUCN as Stattersfield, A. (BirdLife International Red List Authority) & Brooks, T. (Conservation International) (IUCN Red List).

Red List Rational / Justification : Anas marecula is listed by IUCN for the following: Amsterdam Island Duck Anas marecula was endemic to Amsterdam Island, French Southern Territories. It is only known from bones "no more than a few hundred years old". It was flightless, and presumably driven to extinction by whalers stopping off on the island. A report of "a small brown duck, not much larger than a thrush" from Barrow's 1793 visit to the neighbouring St Paul Island presumably refers to the same or a similar species. (IUCN Red List).

Threats: 3.1 (Wikipedia).

Red List History: Anas marecula was listed on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in 1988 (IUCN Red List).

Data Sources for IUCN data: The following is a list of citations from the IUCN web site for Anas marecula:

Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (compilers and editors) 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.

Bird Reference Citations. The numbers inserted in the text accounts above (usually in bold) refer to references. For further details on these references, click on the BirdLife International link above to go to the specific species account on the BirdLife web site. In some cases, particularly in the taxonomic notes, the references are cited using the author names. Details for these can be found on the BirdLife International web site at the following two places:
For References from A–L.
For References from M–Z.

BirdLife International. 2000. Threatened Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, U.K.

BirdLife International. 2004 Threatened Birds of the World 2004. CD-ROM. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

(IUCN Red List).

Links: IUCN Red List Profile for Anas marecula (IUCN Red List).

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